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Clearspace-1 cholinga chodula m'malo am'mlengalenga

Clearspace-1 cholinga chodula m'malo am'mlengalenga

2020-11-18

Clearspace-1 mission to claw at space debris

Pokonzekera 2025, satellite ya Clearspace-1 idzagwiritsa ntchito kayendedwe ka pincer kuti itole chinthu chake, isanayambitsenso kulowa mlengalenga lapansi. Ndipo Elecnor DEIMOS ipanga Attitude and Orbit Control System (AOCS). Izi zikhazikitsa ndikuyika satelayiti kuti ithandizire kugwiritsira ntchito chopanda pake, pogwiritsa ntchito ma jenereta amagetsi, zopitilira ndi tinyanga.

"Clearspace-1 ndikutsimikizira kuti tili ndiudindo waukulu ku Guidance, Navigation and Control system ku Europe," atero a Ismael López, CEO wa Elecnor DEIMOS Group.

"Iyi ndi ntchito yopanga zinthu zambiri ndipo tili okondwa kuti ukatswiri komanso kuthekera m'makampani athu zikugwirizana ndi zovuta zaukadaulo zofunika."

Pambuyo poti lingaliro la Clearspace livomerezedwe ndi European Space Agency chaka chapitacho, ClearSpace - woyamba ku Switzerland wokhala ndi ukadaulo wa roboti - adayamba kugwirizanitsa ntchitoyi. Zinabweretsa mgwirizano wothandizirana nawo, kuphatikiza Elecnor DEIMOS ku UK, zikuwonetsa UK Space Agency.

Makhalidwe ndi Kuwongolera kwa Elecnor DEIMOS UK aphatikizidwa mu satellite yonse 'autopilot'. Dongosolo la Guidance, Navigation and Control likupangidwa ndi Elecnor DEIMOS ku Portugal, pamodzi ndi mabungwe ena aku Germany ndi Portugal. Mgwirizanowu upanganso mayeso kuti athandizire ClearSpace pamsonkhano, kuyesa ndikugwira ntchito.


"Kwa zaka mabiliyoni khumi ndi anayi - pakati pa Big Bang ndi nthawi yophukira ya 1957 - malo anali abwino," atero a Dr Graham Turnock, Chief Executive of UK Space Agency. Koma kuyambira nthawi yophukira ija tayika ma satelayiti pafupifupi 10,000 mlengalenga, ambiri mwa iwo omwe tsopano adatha kapena kuwonongeka.

"UK ikhala patsogolo potsatira ndi kuchotsa zinyalala zowopsa izi, ndipo ndili wokondwa kuti ukadaulo wothandizira chikhumbo chodzipereka ichi upangidwa ku Britain. Mu 2018, 300km pamwamba pa Dziko Lapansi, satellite yaku Britain - yoyendetsedwa ndi removeDEBRIS - idakhazikitsa bwino ukonde mumsewu kuti uwonetse momwe ungatengere zinyalala zapamlengalenga. Chionetserocho, pogwiritsa ntchito kanthu kakang'ono kamene kamatumizidwa ndi satellite, idakhala gawo la ntchito yoyesa maluso kuti athetse zopanda pake zakuthambo. "

Onani zopanda ma satelayiti a Surrey Space Center

Kanema wa DeleDEBRIS ndiye wopanga mgwirizano wamakampani apamlengalenga ndi mabungwe ofufuza motsogozedwa ndi Surrey Space Center ku University of Surrey.

Clearspace-1 chandamale

Kodi chandamale ndi chiyani? Ntchito ya Clearspace-1 ikufuna kuchotsa pakuzungulira VESPA Upper Part (kutsatira: www.n2yo.com/satellite/?s=39162) yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu Meyi 2013 ndi VEGA Flight VV02, yonyamula satellite ya Proba V.

VESPA Upper Part ndi "Small Satellite Interface Structure" yomwe idanyamula Proba V idakhalabe yolumikizidwa Proba atapatukana, akutero a Elecnor DEIMOS.

Zinyalala Zam'mlengalenga

Posachedwa, European Space Agency idalongosola za vuto lomwe likukula la zinyalala zam'mlengalenga. Makamaka, kuti kuchuluka kwa ma satelites mozungulira kudzawonjezeka kwambiri ndikukhazikitsidwa kwa 'mega-constellation' ya satellite broadband.

Popeza magulu a nyenyezi amenewa amatha kukhala ndi ma satelayiti masauzande ambiri, chiopsezo chakuwombana motero zinyalala zambiri zamlengalenga zimawonjezeka.

"Kungogunda kamodzi kapena kuphulika m'mlengalenga kumapangitsa zikuluzikulu zazing'ono zazing'ono zochepa, zoyenda mwachangu zomwe zitha kuwononga kapena kuwononga satellite yomwe ikugwira ntchito," inatero ESA. "Mwachitsanzo, mu 2007, kuwonongeka kwadala kwa satelayiti ya FengYun-1C kuwirikiza kawiri kuchuluka kwa zinyalala kumtunda kwa pafupifupi makilomita 800, zomwe zidapangitsa kuwonjezeka kwa 30% kwa zinyalala panthawiyo."

Ndalama za UKSA

Kumayambiriro kwa nthawi yophukira, UK Space Agency yalengeza ndalama zantchito zothanirana ndi zinyalala zam'mlengalenga. Makampani asanu ndi awiri aku UK adapatsidwa gawo la ndalama zokwanira £ 1m kuti zithandizire kutsata zinyalala mumlengalenga.

Bungweli likuyerekeza kuti pakadali pano pali zinthu 160 miliyoni mozungulira - makamaka zinyalala - zomwe zitha kuwombana ndi ma satellite omwe amapereka ntchito zomwe timagwiritsa ntchito tsiku lililonse.

Ntchito zisanu ndi ziwirizi zipanga ukadaulo waukadaulo - kapena luntha lochita kupanga - kuti ziwone zinyalala zowopsa. Ndiwo: Lumi Space, Deimos, Ndikwezeni, D-Orbit, Fujitsu, NORSS ndi Andor.

Chithunzi: ClearSpace - Ntchito ya ClearSpace-1

Onaninso: Astroscale imakweza $ 191m ndalama zothandizira kuchotsa zinyalala zamlengalenga

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