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Telescope yoyendetsedwa ndi UK kuti izindikire zomwe exoplanets amapangidwa

Telescope yoyendetsedwa ndi UK kuti izindikire zomwe exoplanets amapangidwa

2020-11-16

UK-led space telescope to detect what exoplanets are made of

Amatchedwa Atmospheric Remote-sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-research, kapena Ariel.

Kutsatira ndalama zaboma, mabungwe ofufuza ku UK - kuphatikiza UCL, Science and Technology Facilities Council's (STFC) RAL Space, Technology department ndi UK Astronomy Technology Center, Cardiff University ndi University of Oxford - atenga gawo lofunikira pantchitoyi.

Cholinga cha Ariel ndikumvetsetsa kulumikizana pakati pa kapangidwe ka mapulaneti ndi chilengedwe chake polemba mapulaneti 1,000 odziwika kunja kwa Dzuwa lathu. UK Space Agency (UKSA) ikuyembekeza kuti izi zipatsa asayansi chithunzi chomveka bwino cha zomwe exoplanets amapangidwa, momwe adapangidwira komanso momwe adzasinthire.


Mwachitsanzo, Ariel amatha kuzindikira zizindikiro za zinthu zodziwika bwino m'mlengalenga monga nthunzi yamadzi, carbon dioxide ndi methane. Iwonanso zopangira zachitsulo kuti zimvetsetse chilengedwe chonse chamakompyuta akutali.

Malinga ndi UKSA, Ariel adzafufuzanso mozama momwe mitambo yawo ikuyendera ndikuphunzira kusintha kwa nyengo ndi tsiku ndi tsiku.

"Ndife mbadwo woyamba wokhoza kuphunzira mapulaneti ozungulira nyenyezi zina," atero Pulofesa Giovanna Tinetti, Wofufuza Wamkulu wa Ariel waku University College London. "Ariel adzagwiritsa ntchito mwayi wapaderawu ndikuwulula za mbiri ndi mbiri ya mayiko mazana ambiri mumlalang'amba wathu. Tsopano titha kuyamba gawo lina lantchito yathu kuti ntchitoyi ichitike. ”

Kamodzi mozungulira, Ariel adzagawana anthu ake zambiri zake.

Chithunzi pamwambapa ndi chitsanzo cha Ariel yemwe amatha kuyeza kuchokera pakudutsa kudutsa mumlengalenga wa exoplanet.

Ariel wakhala akuwunikiranso mu 2020 ndipo akukonzekera kukhazikitsidwa mu 2029.

"Chifukwa chothandizidwa ndi boma, mishoni yofuna kutsogozedwa ndi UK iyi ipanga kafukufuku woyamba wamaplaneti kunja kwa Dzuwa, ndipo zithandizira asayansi athu otsogola kuyankha mafunso ovuta pa mapangidwe ndi kusinthika kwawo," atero Unduna wa Sayansi Amanda Solloway.

"Ndi umboni wa ntchito yabwino yaku UK space, asayansi athu osadabwitsa komanso ofufuza motsogozedwa ndi University College London ndi RAL Space ndi anzathu apadziko lonse lapansi kuti ntchitoyi 'ikuchoka'. Ndikuyembekeza kuti ndidzawonera ikupita patsogolo mu 2029. ”

Maiko ena 4,374 atsimikiziridwa m'makina 3,234 kuyambira pomwe zoyambilira zoyambirira zidatulutsa kumayambiriro kwa zaka za m'ma 1990, yatero UKSA.

Zithunzi: ESA / STFC RAL Space / UCL / UK Space Agency / ATG Medialab

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